Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They work to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control. Environmental engineers may be called upon to conduct hazardous-waste management studies in which they evaluate the significance of a hazard and advise on containing it. They also design systems for municipal and industrial water supplies and industrial wastewater treatment, and research the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.
Some environmental engineers study ways to minimize the effects of acid rain, climate change, automobile emissions, and ozone depletion. They also collaborate with environmental scientists, urban and regional planners, hazardous-waste technicians, and other engineers, as well as with specialists such as experts in law and business, to address environmental problems and environmental sustainability.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is one of the principal agencies that work with environmental engineers to protect and improve air, water, and overall environmental quality. Keeping communities safe and healthy requires action to reduce risks associated with exposure to chemicals in industry and the environment, such as controlling the introduction and use of new pesticides in agricultural production.
The EPA reduces radon risks, identifies health risks in schools and homes, and aims to improve chemical management practices. Oversight of chemical storage and manufacturing is a principal focus of attention, as well as efforts to combat air toxins. The Environmental Protection Agency also tracks hazardous waste sites, and protects public lands from contaminants that may leach into the soil from industrial manufacturing operations.
The following technologies are used to clean up contaminated sites during enviromental reclamation work: Gas Chromatography (GC) is the most widely used chromatographic technique for environmental analyses, and is used onsite in field investigations and by offsite reference laboratories. Immunoassay technologies use antibodies to identify and quantify organic compounds and a limited number of metallic analytes. This technique is used widely for environmental field analysis because the antibodies can be highly specific to the target compounds.
Mass Spectrometry is an established analytical technique that identifies organic compounds by measuring the mass of the compound's molecule. Although mass spectrometry can be used for the analysis of metals, non-metallic elements and radionuclides, it is most generally used for organic analysis as a field analytical technique.
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a geophysical method that has been developed for shallow, high-resolution, subsurface investigations of the earth. GPR uses high frequency pulsed electromagnetic waves to acquire subsurface information. Magnetic devices specifically developed for environmental applications may be used to locate subsurface iron, nickel and cobalt alloys which are typically referred to as ferrous materials. The technology has been widely used for quickly locating buried or subsurface ferrous objects that could pose a potential threat to the environment or hinder reclamation efforts.
Mechanics of Machining
Degrees of Freedom
design and manufacturing i
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intro to robotics
sail and yacht design
direct thermal solar
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aerospace engineering 1
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energy flow in buildings
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intro to materials science
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materials in human experience
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welding and joining
mechanics of plastics
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applied nuclear physics
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Diesel vs Petrol
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Brushless DC Motor
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RMF - 1P Motor
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solid state circuits
circuits and electronics
photovoltaics - solar energy
antennas and signals
intro to algorithms
computer systems 1
computer systems security
natural language processing
intro to C language
water quality control
Environmental engineers must have a bachelor's degree in environmental engineering or a related field, such as urban planning, organic chemistry, or industrial engineering. Programs in environmental engineering technology generally include courses in mathematics, chemistry, hazardous-waste management, and environmental assessment. At some colleges and universities, a student can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor's and a master's degree concurrently. Engineering programs are accredited by ABET.
Because environmental engineers help out in environmental cleanup, they must follow proper safety procedures, such as wearing hazmat suits and sometimes respirators. Some environmental technician positions require training on working with hazardous materials in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards.A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one's career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires:
The initial FE exam can be taken after earning a bachelor's degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering. After licensing, environmental engineers can earn board certification from the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists.
1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Cambridge, MA|
2. California Institute of Technology (Caltech) - Pasadena, CA
3. Stanford University - Stanford, CA
4. University of California Berkeley - Berkeley, CA
5. Cornell University - Ithaca, NY
6. Princeton University - Princeton, NJ
7. University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, MI
8. Harvey Mudd College - Claremont, CA
9. Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology - Terre Haute, IN
10. United States Military Academy - West Point, NY
11. Bucknell University - Lewisburg, PA
12. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo - San Luis Obispo, CA
13. The Cooper Union - New York, NY
14. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach, FL
15. Georgia Institute of Technology - Atlanta, GA
16. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign - Champaign, IL
17. Carnegie Mellon University - Pittsburgh, PA
18. Purdue University - West Lafayette, IN
19. University of Texas Austin - Austin, TX
20. University of Wisconsin - Madison, WI
Source: US News, Forbes, and Bloomberg
Environmental engineers held about 53,800 jobs in 2017. The median annual wage for environmental engineers was $84,890 in May 2017. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $49,830, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $130,120. Environmental engineering technicians, by comparison, averaged $49,170 annually. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $29,820, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $80,780. Most environmental engineers work full time. However, those who manage projects often work more than 40 hours per week in order to ensure that deadlines are met.
State and local governments' concerns about water are leading to efforts to increase the efficiency of water use. Such a focus differs from that of wastewater treatment, for which this occupation is traditionally known. Most of the projected employment growth for environmental engineers is in professional, scientific, and technical services, as governments at the state and local levels address water sustainability concerns. In addition, wastewater treatment is becoming a larger concern in areas of the country where drilling for shale gas requires the use and disposal of massive volumes of water.
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