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Mental Health Treatment


In dysfunctional families, children must learn to cope with unbearable situations or events, and often develop classical symptoms in doing so. Therapists attempt to identify destructive behavior and emotions, and select suitable treatment options. In Section 1 below, we'll outline several common mental illnesses and respective therapies. Moving on to developmental psychology, the investigation of human evolution and enlightenment, Section 2 below focuses on systems of understanding, notably Tibetan Buddhism, Zen, Vedic Mythology, and the induction of trance states, whether via clinical hypnotherapy, hallucinogens, or African drumming and dance rituals.
ADHD
Alzheimer's Disease
Antidepressants
Anxiety
Autism
Bereavement
Bipolar Disorder
Chronic Illness
Compulsive Gambling
Dementia
Depression
Developmental Disabilities
Dual Diagnosis
Eating Disorders
Learning Impairments
Memory Problems
Mood Disorders
Obsessive-Compulsive
Panic Disorder
Personality Disorders
Phobias
Postpartum Depression
Post-Traumatic Stress
Prader-Willi Syndrome
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia
Stress Reduction
Suicide Prevention
Teen Development
Teen Mental Health


Psychoanalysis is based on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations. Psychoanalytically oriented therapies are characterized by a close working partnership between therapist and patient. Patients learn about themselves by exploring their interactions in the therapeutic relationship. While psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been extended and modified since his early formulations. Jungian therapy focuses on the collective unconscious, dream archetypes, and symbolic representation.

Brief Therapy places emphasis on a specific problem and direct intervention. In brief therapy as outlined by Milton Erickson, the therapist treats clinical and subjective conditions faster by precise observation, and temporary suspension of disbelief in the patient to consider new perspectives. Rather than a prolonged analysis of historical causes, the primary approach of brief therapy is to help the client to view the present from a more holistic context and to utilize more functional understandings, not necessarily at a conscious level. By becoming more versatile in the present, successful clients will undergo spontaneous changes. Brief therapy is highly strategic, exploratory, and solution-based rather than problem-oriented.

Behavioral Therapy focuses on learning's role in developing both normal and abnormal behaviors. Ivan Pavlov made important contributions to behavior therapy by discovering classical conditioning, or associative learning. Desensitizing is classical conditioning in action. A therapist might help a client with a phobia through repeated exposure to whatever it is that causes anxiety. Operant conditioning relies on rewards and punishments to shape people's behavior.

Cognition is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including problem solving, perception, memory, and learning. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. Noam Chomsky criticized the behaviorists' notions of stimulus, response, and reinforcement. Psychologists make inferences about mental processes from shared phenomena. English neuroscientist Charles Sherrington and Canadian psychologist Donald O. Hebb used experimental methods to link psychological phenomena with the structure and function of the brain. With the rise of computer science and artificial intelligence, analogies were drawn between the processing of information by humans and by machines.

Humanistic Therapy emphasizes people's capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential. Concern and respect for others are also important themes. Client-centered therapy rejects the idea of therapists as authorities on their clients' inner experiences. Instead, therapists help clients change by emphasizing their concern, care and interest. Gestalt therapy emphasizes what it calls "organismic holism," the importance of being aware of the here and now and accepting responsibility for yourself. Existential therapy focuses on free will, self-determination and the search for meaning.

Family Therapy is a form of psychotherapy where two or more clients work with one or more therapists or counselors. This methods is a popular format for support groups, where family members can learn from each others' experience and offer advice. This method is also more cost effective than individual psychotherapy, and sometimes more effective.


Free Practice Tests

This section offers free multiple-choice psychology tests. No sign-up is required, just straight to the test.
 

Anger Management

If you find yourself getting into frequent arguments over nothing, you may need to work on your anger-management skills. Big fights often happen over something small, like dishes left unwashed, piling up in the sink, but there's usually a bigger issue burning beneath the blow-up. Before your emotions take control, ask yourself, "What am I really angry about?" Identifying the real source of frustration will help you communicate your feelings, and work towards a resolution. Once you're able to recognize early warning signs, and anticipate your trigger-points, you can take action. First of all, take a deep breath, and better still, take several more deep breaths. Deep, slow breathing helps counter rising tension levels. Slowly count to ten. Then take a final deep breath again, before going back to your argument with a calmer mind.

It's okay to be upset at someone, but if you don't fight fair, the relationship will quickly break down. Make the relationship your priority, not winning the argument. Be respectful of your partner's viewpoint. Rather than looking to the past and assigning blame, focus on what you can do in the present to solve the problem. Conflicts can be draining, so consider whether the issue is really worth all that time and energy you're putting in. Be willing to forgive, and realize that resolving conflict is pretty much impossible if you're simply unwilling or unable to forgive. If that's the case, know when to let something go, and agree to disagree. It takes two people to keep an argument going, and while you can't control anger directly, you sure can control how you respond to it. Set clear boundaries about what you will and will not tolerate, and stick to your limits.

Signs of Depression

Get up off the couch or your bed, and get outdoors. I don't want to hear excuses, just follow the instructions. Fresh air and exercise can't be discounted. Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms. It's important to remember that these symptoms can be part of life's normal lows. But the more symptoms you have, the stronger they are, and the longer they've lasted, the more likely it is that you're dealing with depression. Rates of depression in women are twice as high as they are in men. As for signs and symptoms, women are more likely than men to experience pronounced feelings of guilt, sleep excessively, overeat, and gain weight.

Get plenty of sleep. Lack of sleep has been shown to have a direct link to hunger, overeating, and weight gain. Exhaustion also impairs your judgment, which can lead to poor food choices. Aim for around 8 hours of quality sleep a night. Get plenty of exercise. Exercise is a dieter's best friend. It not only burns calories, but can actually improve your resting metabolism. No time for a long workout? Research shows that three 10-minute spurts of exercise per day are just as good as one 30-minute workout. Drink more water. You can easily reduce your daily calorie intake by replacing soda, alcohol, or coffee with water. Thirst can also be confused with hunger, so by drinking water, you may avoid consuming extra calories, plus it will help you break down food more easily.

Jobs in Psychology

Individuals with a bachelor's degree in psychology can find career opportunities working in the social services sector, or in private practice as a therapist. Many psychology graduates find work in the field of mental health. Careers in this area include psychiatric technicians, and mental health technicians. In most cases, these individuals work directly under the supervision of a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist.

OccupationSalary (up to)
Art Therapist$50,920
Child Psychologist$53,350
Clinical Psychologist$61,700
Crisis Counselor$35,420
Employment Specialist$57,880
Forensic Psychologist$48,620
High School Teacher$44,850
Human Resources Specialist$48,530
Marriage Counselor$52,370
Medical Assistant$34,000
Mental Health$37,470
Non-Profit Management$58,630
Psychology Professor$65,790
Residential Counselor$31,640
School Psychologist$59,300
Social Worker$47,950
Substance Abuse Counselor$39,520
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Psychology Department Rankings - Undergraduate

 1. Stanford University - Stanford, CA
 2. University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, MI
 3. University of Minnesota Twin Cities - Minneapolis, MN
 4. University of California Berkeley - Berkeley, CA
 5. Harvard University - Cambridge, MA
 6. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign - Champaign, IL
7. University of California San Diego (UCSD) - La Jolla, CA
8. University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) - Los Angeles, CA
9. Indiana University - Bloomington, IN
10. University of Colorado Boulder - Boulder, CO
11. Carnegie Mellon University - Pittsburgh, PA
12. University of Wisconsin - Madison, WI
13. University of Washington - Seattle, WA
14. University of Oregon - Eugene, OR
15. University of Texas Austin - Austin, TX
16. UNC Chapel Hill - Chapel Hill, NC
17. Stony Brook University - Stony Brook, NY
18. Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, MD
19. Duke University - Durham, NC
20. Penn State University - State College, PA
    Source: US News, Forbes, and Bloomberg

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This website is not affiliated with any educational institution, and all trademarks are exclusive property of the respective owners. College Inspector is the work of a group of Thai students in Bangkok, using info from the US Department of Education, Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). If any stats are incorrect, please contact us with the right data.

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